ライティング・タスク1の採点基準

ライティング(タスク1およびタスク2)は、採点基準(バンド・ディスクリプター)内にある4つの項目でまずは別々に採点されます。次に、各項目のスコアを平均し、round down(最も近い0.5単位に切り下げ)されたものがスコアとなります。いわゆる四捨五入(rounding)ではなく、切り捨て(round down)になるので注意が必要です。

例1) TA:6, CC:6, LR:7, GR:7 → スコア:6.5
例2) TA:6, CC:7, LR:7, GR:7 → スコア:6.5
例3) TA:7, CC:7, LR:7, GR:7 → スコア:7.0

※ TA=Task Achievement, CC=Coherence and Cohesion, LR=Lexical Resource, GR=Grammatical Range and Accuracy

Band 9

Band 9
TR
  • fully satisfies all the requirements of the task
  • clearly presents a fully developed response
CC
  • uses cohesion in such a way that it attracts no attention
  • skilfully manages paragraphing
LR
  • uses a wide range of vocabulary with very natural and sophisticated control of lexical features
  • rare minor errors occur only as ‘slips’
GR
  • uses a wide range of structures with full flexibility and accuracy
  • rare minor errors occur only as ‘slips’

Band 8

Band 8
TR
  • covers all requirements of the task sufficiently
  • presents, highlights and illustrates key features/bullet points clearly and appropriately
CC
  • sequences information and ideas logically
  • manages all aspects of cohesion well
  • uses paragraphing sufficiently and appropriately
LR
  • uses a wide range of vocabulary fluently and flexibly to convey precise meanings
  • skilfully uses uncommon lexical items but there may be occasional inaccuracies in word choice and collocation
  • produces rare errors in spelling and/or word formation
GR
  • uses a wide range of structures
  • the majority of sentences are error-free
  • makes only very occasional errors or inappropriacies

Band 7

Band 7
TR
  • covers the requirements of the task
  • (Academic) presents a clear overview of main trends, differences or stages
  • (General Training) presents a clear purpose, with the tone consistent and appropriate
  • clearly presents and highlights key features/bullet points but could be more fully extended
CC
  • logically organises information and ideas; there is clear progression throughout
  • uses a range of cohesive devices appropriately although there may be some under/overuse
LR
  • uses a sufficient range of vocabulary to allow some flexibility and precision
  • uses less common lexical items with some awareness of style and collocation
  • may produce occasional errors in word choice, spelling and/or word formation
GR
  • uses a variety of complex structures
  • produces frequent error-free sentences
  • has good control of grammar and punctuation but may make a few errors

Band 6

Band 6
TR
  • addresses the requirements of the task
  • (Academic) presents an overview with information appropriately selected
  • (General Training) presents a purpose that is generally clear; there may be inconsistencies in tone
  • presents and adequately highlights key features/bullet points but details may be irrelevant, inappropriate or inaccurate
CC
  • arranges information and ideas coherently and there is a clear overall progression
  • uses cohesive devices effectively, but cohesion within and/or between sentences may be faulty or mechanical
  • may not always use referencing clearly or appropriately
LR
  • uses an adequate range of vocabulary for the task
  • attempts to use less common vocabulary but with some inaccuracy
  • makes some errors in spelling and/or word formation, but they do not impede communication
GR
  • uses a mix of simple and complex sentence forms
  • makes some errors in grammar and punctuation but they rarely reduce communication

Band 5

Band 5
TR
  • generally addresses the task; the format may be inappropriate in places
  • (Academic) recounts detail mechanically with no clear overview; there may be no data to support the description
  • (General Training) may present a purpose for the letter that is unclear at times; the tone may be variable and sometimes inappropriate
  • presents, but inadequately covers, key features/bullet points; there may be a tendency to focus on detail
CC
  • presents information with some organisation but there may be a lack of overall progression
  • makes inadequate, inaccurate or over- use of cohesive devices
  • may be repetitive because of lack of referencing and substitution
LR
  • uses a limited range of vocabulary, but this is minimally adequate for the task
  • may make noticeable errors in spelling and/or word formation that may cause some difficulty for the reader
GR
  • uses only a limited range of structures
  • attempts complex sentences but these tend to be less accurate than simple sentences
  • may make frequent grammatical errors and punctuation may be faulty; errors can cause some difficulty for the reader

Band 4

Band 4
TR
  • attempts to address the task but does not cover all key features/bullet points; the format may be inappropriate
  • (General Training) fails to clearly explain the purpose of the letter; the tone may be inappropriate
  • may confuse key features/bullet points with detail; parts may be unclear, irrelevant, repetitive or inaccurate
CC
  • presents information and ideas but these are not arranged coherently and there is no clear progression in the response
  • uses some basic cohesive devices but these may be inaccurate or repetitive
LR
  • uses only basic vocabulary which may be used repetitively or which may be inappropriate for the task
  • has limited control of word formation and/or spelling; errors may cause strain for the reader
GR
  • uses only a very limited range of structures with only rare use of subordinate clauses
  • some structures are accurate but errors predominate, and punctuation is often faulty

Band 3

Band 3
TR
  • fails to address the task, which may have been completely misunderstood
  • presents limited ideas which may be largely irrelevant/repetitive
CC
  • does not organise ideas logically
  • may use a very limited range of cohesive devices, and those used may not indicate a logical relationship between ideas
LR
  • uses only a very limited range of words and expressions with very limited control of word formation and/or spelling
  • errors may severely distort the message
GR
  • attempts sentence forms but errors in grammar and punctuation predominate and distort the meaning

Band 2

Band 2
TR
  • answer is barely related to the task
CC
  • has very little control of organisational features
LR
  • uses an extremely limited range of vocabulary
  • essentially no control of word formation and/or spelling
GR
  • cannot use sentence forms except in memorised phrases

Band 1

Band 1
TR
  • answer is completely unrelated to the task
CC
  • fails to communicate any message
LR
  • can only use a few isolated words
GR
  • cannot use sentence forms at all

Band 0

Band 0
TR
  • does not attend
  • does not attempt the task in any way
  • writes a totally memorised response
CC
LR
GR